AMD RX 5700 vs Nvidia GTX 1080

AMD RX 5700 vs Nvidia GTX 1080

The AMD Radeon RX 5700 and the Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 are two high-performance graphics cards that cater to gamers and creative professionals. Although they belong to different generations and were released by competing manufacturers, comparing them offers insight into the evolving landscape of GPU technology and performance metrics. This article will delve into the specifications, performance, features, and price points of these two GPUs to help users understand their differences and decide which might be the better choice for their needs.


AMD Radeon RX 5700:

Architecture: RDNA (1st Gen)

Process: 7nm

Stream Processors: 2,304

Base Clock: 1465 MHz

Boost Clock: Up to 1725 MHz

Memory: 8 GB GDDR6

Memory Bandwidth: 448 GB/s

TDP: 180W

Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080:

Architecture: Pascal
Process: 16nm
CUDA Cores: 2,560
Base Clock: 1607 MHz
Boost Clock: 1733 MHz
Memory: 8 GB GDDR5X
Memory Bandwidth: 320 GB/s
TDP: 180W


When it comes to gaming performance, both cards are designed to handle high-definition gaming at 1080p and 1440p with high to ultra settings. The AMD RX 5700, with its RDNA architecture, offers efficient performance and improved power efficiency over its predecessors. It generally outperforms the GTX 1080 in newer titles, thanks to its architecture optimizations and the advantage of a more modern manufacturing process (7nm vs. 16nm).

The GTX 1080, however, holds its ground in many games, especially those optimized for Nvidia’s architecture. It benefits from features like G-Sync and a broad range of driver optimizations for older and current titles.

In creative applications, the choice between these two GPUs may depend on the specific software and the tasks being performed. The GTX 1080 has an edge in applications that can leverage Nvidia’s CUDA technology, while the RX 5700 may perform better in newer applications optimized for AMD’s RDNA architecture.


AMD Radeon RX 5700:

Supports PCIe 4.0 for faster data transfer on compatible motherboards.

RDNA architecture provides increased efficiency and performance.

Features like Radeon Image Sharpening and FidelityFX offer improved visual quality.

Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080:

Ansel technology for high-quality in-game photos.

G-Sync compatibility for smoother gameplay on supported monitors.

CUDA and PhysX support for enhanced performance in computing tasks and realistic physics in games.

Price and Availability

At launch, both GPUs targeted the high-end segment of the market, but with the RX 5700 being a more recent release (July 2019) compared to the GTX 1080 (May 2016), market availability and pricing have evolved. The GTX 1080 is no longer in production, meaning new units may be hard to find, and prices for used cards can vary widely. The RX 5700 was more readily available but has also been succeeded by newer models, affecting its price and availability.

Choosing between the AMD Radeon RX 5700 and the Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 depends on several factors, including the types of games or applications you use, your budget, and whether you prioritize newer technology and features. The RX 5700 offers more recent architecture, better efficiency, and generally better performance in newer titles. The GTX 1080, on the other hand, remains a strong contender, especially for users invested in Nvidia’s ecosystem or those who can find a good deal on the secondary market. Ultimately, both cards offer compelling options for gamers and professionals alike, with their strengths and weaknesses.

Gaming Experience

For gamers, the choice between the AMD Radeon RX 5700 and the Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 often boils down to the types of games they play and the gaming ecosystem they prefer. The RX 5700, with its RDNA architecture, tends to excel in newer games that take advantage of its architecture, offering higher frame rates and better efficiency. This card is particularly appealing for gamers looking to future-proof their system to some extent, as it supports PCIe 4.0, which doubles the bandwidth compared to PCIe 3.0, offering potential benefits as games continue to demand more data transfer speed.

The GTX 1080, with its mature Pascal architecture, offers robust performance across a wide range of titles, including VR games. Its support for Nvidia-specific features like G-Sync can make for a smoother gaming experience if you have a compatible monitor. Additionally, Nvidia’s driver support and optimization can lead to better performance in certain titles, especially older ones.

Creative Workloads

For creative professionals, the decision might lean towards the GPU that offers the best performance in their specific applications. Nvidia’s GTX 1080 has the advantage of CUDA support, which is heavily utilized in many video editing, 3D rendering, and professional-grade applications. CUDA accelerates tasks in software like Adobe Premiere Pro, After Effects, and 3D modeling software such as Autodesk Maya and Blender.

AMD’s RX 5700, while not supporting CUDA, benefits from its RDNA architecture for tasks that are optimized for OpenCL or Vulkan. AMD GPUs often perform well in certain computational tasks and can offer better value in software that doesn’t rely on CUDA optimization.

Power Efficiency and System Requirements

Both GPUs have a TDP (Thermal Design Power) of 180W, which means they require similar power supply units (PSUs) and cooling solutions. However, the RX 5700’s 7nm process offers better power efficiency compared to the GTX 1080’s 16nm process, potentially leading to lower power consumption during heavy loads. This efficiency can be a deciding factor for users concerned about electricity bills or thermal management in smaller PC cases.

Price-to-Performance Ratio

Given that the GTX 1080 has been out of production for a while, its price on the used market can vary significantly. The RX 5700, being newer, might offer a more predictable price range but is also affected by the general availability of GPUs and market demand. The price-to-performance ratio is crucial for many buyers, and finding a good deal on either card could tip the scales. It’s worth considering how each card’s performance metrics align with their current market prices, keeping in mind that newer AMD and Nvidia models might offer more performance for a similar investment.

Both the AMD Radeon RX 5700 and the Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 have their merits, making the choice between them dependent on individual use cases, preferences, and budget. For gamers and creatives alike, evaluating the performance in relevant games or applications, along with considering features such as ray tracing, support for specific technologies, and power efficiency, will guide the decision. While the GTX 1080 has a strong legacy and broad support across a range of applications, the RX 5700 represents AMD’s forward-looking approach to GPU design, offering compelling performance in modern titles and applications. Ultimately, either card can provide a satisfying experience, with the final choice reflecting a balance between current needs and future expectations.

Upgradability and Future-Proofing

When considering the long-term value of a graphics card, it’s essential to think about upgradability and how well the card will hold up as games and software applications become more demanding. The AMD Radeon RX 5700, with its support for PCIe 4.0, positions itself as a more future-proof option. PCIe 4.0 offers double the bandwidth of PCIe 3.0, which the Nvidia GTX 1080 uses, meaning the RX 5700 is better prepared for future hardware upgrades that might require higher data transfer rates, such as next-gen SSDs or other high-performance peripherals.

Furthermore, AMD’s RDNA architecture is a significant shift from its previous Graphics Core Next (GCN) architecture, focusing on efficiency and performance per watt improvements. This architectural shift suggests that future AMD software optimizations and game developments might favor the RX 5700 and subsequent RDNA-based cards, potentially extending their relevance in the gaming and creative industries.

Ecosystem and Software

Nvidia and AMD not only compete in terms of hardware but also offer distinct ecosystems and software suites designed to enhance the user experience. Nvidia’s GeForce Experience software provides features like game optimization, driver updates, and Nvidia ShadowPlay for game recording and streaming. Nvidia’s ecosystem also includes support for ray tracing and DLSS (Deep Learning Super Sampling), technologies that enhance game visuals, though these specific features are not available on the GTX 1080; they set a precedent for Nvidia’s focus on adding value through software and hardware innovations.

AMD’s Radeon Software, on the other hand, includes features like Radeon Anti-Lag, Radeon Image Sharpening, and FidelityFX, which improve responsiveness and visual fidelity. While the RX 5700 does not support ray tracing, AMD’s focus on open standards and improving the core gaming experience is evident in its software offerings.

Community and Support

Both AMD and Nvidia have strong communities of users and developers. Nvidia’s long-standing presence in the gaming and professional markets has fostered a broad community where users can find support, mods, and optimizations for their GPUs. AMD’s community is equally passionate, often focusing on open-source initiatives and advocating for open standards in gaming and professional computing.

Customer support and driver updates are critical for the longevity of a GPU. Nvidia is known for its frequent driver updates, optimizing performance for new game releases and fixing issues promptly. AMD has significantly improved in this area, offering regular updates and enhancements through its Radeon Software.

The decision between the AMD Radeon RX 5700 and the Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 is nuanced, involving considerations beyond raw performance metrics. For users prioritizing cutting-edge technology, future-proofing, and value-added features through software, the RX 5700 is an attractive choice, especially for those invested in the AMD ecosystem or looking to build a system around PCIe 4.0. Meanwhile, the GTX 1080 remains a compelling option for users looking for proven performance, particularly in Nvidia-optimized games or creative applications that leverage CUDA.

Ultimately, the best choice depends on individual needs, budget, and preferences. As technology continues to evolve, both AMD and Nvidia offer compelling solutions that push the boundaries of gaming and creative work, ensuring that regardless of the choice, users can expect a high-quality experience tailored to their demands.